What is dermatology?

The skin is the largest organ in the body and covers an area of more than 2 square meters. The skin functions as a protective barrier for most parts of the body. Integrated into the skin are nerves, sweat glands, receptors for sensation, feel, pain and touch. The skin is vital for survival.

The skin is the most visible organ of the body. It reflects the health of the body and acts as a barrier against injury and bacteria. Skin disorders are extremely common and at least 1 in 5 individuals visit a physician for a skin problem at some point in their lives.

What are the most common skin disorders?

Dermatology is a discipline of medicine which deals with disorders of the skin. The common skin disorders are:

- skin cancers

- skin infections

- cosmetic skin problems

- skin rashes (caused by drugs, infections)

- acne

- psoriasis

- fungal infections

- congenital skin problems

- dermatitis

- cold sores

How are dermatologists trained?

Dermatologists are physicians who undergo basic medical school training followed by 3-4 years of extra training in the field of dermatology. Today, dermatology is also sub-specialized and many dermatologists have additional training in lasers, cosmetic procedures, hair transplantation, varicose and spider vein treatments, etc.

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