Age spots and melasma are two common types of skin discoloration which can affect both men and women. Both are related to the abnormal expression of melanin, the element of skin responsible for skin coloration. While the exact cause of melasma is not known, age spots occur as the result of overexposure to the sun. Age spots typically do not occur until years after sun overexposure, and begin to appear as the skin ages. Most age spots are smaller than a quarter, although they can be larger, and usually occur in areas that have been repeatedly exposed to the sun, including the backs of the hands, feet, face, lower arms and, for individuals with chronic hair loss, scalp.
Melasma can also affect both men and women, but is especially common during pregnancy, accounting for the condition’s common name: the mask of pregnancy. Melasma appears as a dark rash on the face, and unlike age spots, may resolve over time. The condition is seen in all cultures and can affect all skin types.
Skin discoloration can cause a lack of confidence that can directly relate to an individual’s quality of life. Fortunately, there are a wide variety of non-invasive treatments available to help fade and even get rid of these unattractive conditions. From topical fading agents to chemical peels and simple laser rejuvenation procedures, your clinician will be able to create a program that is specifically tailored to meet your own individual needs, eliminating discoloration while keeping your lifestyle and financial concerns in mind. Why wait to erase your cosmetic concerns? Contact a cosmetic specialist for more details today.