Rosacea - Redness and Flushing
Rosacea is a common condition-- approximately
14 million Americans are affected by rosacea; most of those who
suffer from it have never even heard of it. Both men and women are
at risk, particularly those between the ages of 30-50 who have fair
skin and blush easily.
Rosacea can cause redness, bumps and/or swelling,
especially on the nose, cheeks, forehead, and chin and can look
similar to acne. Unlike acne, however, people with rosacea don’t
get blackheads but do get dilated blood vessels (called telangiectasias).
Rosacea is a chronic condition and rarely resolves
without treatment. Mild rosacea can be limited to mild redness of
the cheeks. However, in the most severe forms, the skin overlying
the nose can become permanently swollen and red (called rhinophyma)
because of dilated blood vessels and abnormal enlargement of oil
glands. Other potential symptoms of rosacea include eye irritation
(burning, stinging, grittiness, and/or dryness) and styes.
Rosacea Treatment and Skin Care
Rosacea treatment options vary widely, depending
on symptoms. Facial redness and acne-like lesions are often
treated with oral antibiotics and topical medications. Telangiectasias,
on the other hand, can be treated with laser
therapy. The more severe forms of rosacea also have a variety
of treatment options. You need to discuss your individual concerns
with your physician.
The cause of rosacea is still unknown, but there
are a number of exacerbating factors that should be avoided. Triggers
of rosacea include but are not limited to sunlight, wind, cold or
hot temperatures, alcohol, spicy foods, hot drinks, skin care products,
rubbing or scrubbing of the face, and exercise. Sun block of at
least SPF 15 and hats are recommended.
- » Find a Rosacea Treatment Specialist
All photos courtesy of S.
Zimmet, MD and P. Bitter Jr., MD