Sculptra is Poly-L-Lactic Acid or PLA, and is used for cosmetic corrections of facial hollows and contours, scars and wrinkles. Sculptra is composed of the same synthetic material found in dissolvable stitches and various different types of soft tissue implants, is biologically inert, and typically does not pose a risk of allergic reactions in patients. It is initially injected into the skin in a small amount, and several treatments are ultimately needed for the desired result.
The most common reason someone would need to use Sculptra is to counter the effects of a condition known as lipoatrophy, or facial wasting. Lipoatrophy occurs when the fuel source in fat cells, mitochondria, becomes damaged and stops producing. This can happen for a variety of reasons, among which are the long-term usage of anti-HIV drugs such as stavudine or zidovudine, having elevated triglycerides or being over the age of 40. Patients who have the following medical conditions should think twice before undergoing a Sculptra procedure:
Extra caution should be used in patients undergoing treatment with anti-coagulant medications, as they may experience an increased risk of haematoma.
If patients suffer sarcoidosis, a disorder whereby small clusters of inflammatory cells grow in various organs of the body, including the skin, specialists may advise against Sculptra usage. Prospective patients need to talk with their health care provider at length regarding this issue.
Allergies to any of the ingredients in Sculptra should be discussed with health care providers, as doctors will not perform the injections if the slightest possibility of allergic reaction exists.
Sculptra injections can lead to increased facial volume and restore definition to the face. While Sculptra is suitable for HIV and AIDS patients, it is essential that immune deficiencies, skin infections or rashes be reported to the doctor prior to treatment, as these may affect the outcome.