known as ephelides) are small flat brown spots that appear on sun-exposed
skin, especially the face and arms. Freckles are inherited and become
darker with consistent sun exposure. Ultraviolet rays from the sun
activate pigment producing skin cells (melanocytes) to produce pigment
(melanin). Increased melanin is manifested as dark or brown spots
on the skin.
Freckle Removal - Treatment Options
Although it is not medically necessary to treat
freckles, patients often seek treatment for cosmetic reasons.
Potential treatments include topical bleaching creams, topical
peels, liquid nitrogen, and laser
or pulsed light therapy.
Although freckles themselves are harmless, it is
important to distinguish between freckles and a type of skin cancer
called melanoma. If you have freckles, you have a higher risk of
melanoma. Also, if your freckles are growing or changing, it is
important see your physician for a skin check.
Learn more about the top freckle removal treatment options:
- » Find a Freckle Removal Specialist
All photos courtesy of S. Zimmet, MD and P. Bitter Jr., MD